|Classification:||Ununtrium is an ‘other metal’ (presumed)|
|Atomic weight:||(286), no stable isotopes|
|Neutrons in most abundant isotope:||173|
|Electron shells:||2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 3|
|Electron configuration:||[Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p1|
|Specific heat capacity||–|
|Heat of fusion||–|
|Heat of atomization||–|
|Heat of vaporization||–|
|1st ionization energy||–|
|2nd ionization energy||–|
|3rd ionization energy||–|
|Minimum oxidation number||–|
|Min. common oxidation no.||–|
|Maximum oxidation number||–|
|Max. common oxidation no.||–|
|Electronegativity (Pauling Scale)||–|
|Reaction with air||–|
|Reaction with 15 M HNO3||–|
|Reaction with 6 M HCl||–|
|Reaction with 6 M NaOH||–|
|Ionic radius (1+ ion)||–|
|Ionic radius (2+ ion)||–|
|Ionic radius (3+ ion)||–|
|Ionic radius (1- ion)||–|
|Ionic radius (2- ion)||–|
|Ionic radius (3- ion)||–|
Discovery of Ununtrium
Research scientists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), California believed they had made element 113, ununtrium, in Dubna, Russia in 2003. The work was a collaboration between science teams led by Yuri Oganessian and Ken Moody.
The experiment began on July 14, 2003, and ended on August 10, 2003. Calcium ions were formed into a beam in a cyclotron (a particle accelerator) and fired at a target layer of americium deposited on titanium foil. Four atoms of element 115 (ununpentium) may have been produced, which then decayed to element 113 (ununtrium). (1)
The researcher’s data indicates one atom of ununtrium-283 and three atoms of ununtrium-284 were made. (2)
In 2011, The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) reviewed the work done in Dubna and at the LLNL, and did not accept the discovery of ununtrium.
The report stated, “the results are encouraging but do not meet the criteria for discovery because of the paucity of events, the lack of connections to known nuclides, and the absence of cross-bombardments.” (3)
As a result of its position in the periodic table, ununtrium would be expected to be classed as one of the “other metals” and to have similar properties to the metal thallium. Too little of the element has been synthesized for this to be confirmed.
The joint teams at JINR in Dubna and Lawrence Livermore in California have published evidence for the synthesis of elements 113, 114, 115, 116, 117 and 118.
Appearance and Characteristics
Ununtrium is harmful due to its radioactivity.
Ununtrium is a synthetic radioactive metal.
Uses of Ununtrium
Ununtrium is of research interest only.
Abundance and Isotopes
Abundance earth’s crust: nil
Abundance solar system: parts per trillion by weight, parts per trillion by moles
Cost, pure: $ per 100g
Cost, bulk: $ per 100g
Source: Ununtrium could theoretically be produced by bombarding 243Am with 48Ca in a heavy ion accelerator. The element could theoretically also be created using a cold fusion reaction between bismuth and zinc ions. IUPAC does not accept there is enough evidence yet to accept ununtrium as an established element.
Isotopes: Ununtrium may have 6 isotopes whose half-lives are known, with mass numbers from 278 to 286. None are stable.
1. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore Scientists Team With Russia To Discover Elements 113 and 115.
2. Yuri Oganessian et al., Experiments on the Synthesis of Element 115., pdf download
3. Robert Barber, Paul Karol, Hiromichi Nakahara, Emanuele Vardaci, and Erich Vogt, Discovery of the elements with atomic numbers greater than or equal to 113,. 2011, IUPAC. (pdf download)
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