Definition of Isoelectronic

What is Isoelectronic?

Two or more molecular entities are described as isoelectronic if they have the same number of valence electrons and the same structure, i.e. number and connectivity of atoms, but differ in some of the elements involved.

Example 1
CO and N2 and NO+

are isoelectronic.

Example 2
CH2=C=O and CH2=N=N

are isoelectronic.

Example 3

have the same number of electrons, but have different structures, hence they are not described as isoelectronic.

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